A.I.C. - Our Principles on Democracy, Humanism and Paideia
Our Principles on Democracy, Humanism and Paideia
We, the founders of the Movement, expressed in the framework of The ‘Institutions and Civilizations Academy’, drafted and signed in the premises of Patras University (September 2003) the Declaration of Principles expressing our concern for the political shaping of the United Europe, the shrinking of Classical Paideia, the absence of substantial elements of Democracy in many parts of the world and the dangerous propensity in the relations among extended groups of populations. Along with other Academic Professors, People of Letters and Representatives of the Society, we believe that the anguish questions we set ourselves that time, are still unanswered and they do hedge the route of our troubled world.

The world economic crisis proved the fallacy of both the system and the economic analysis theories, which, to a great extent, provoked rather than avoid it. The crisis disclosed the dangers of the Globalization system and the lack of policy concerning employment, security, health, even the survival of the simple citizens; dangers hatched in the very nucleus of the system. We are concerned with the phenomenon, characterized as ‘the financial industries’ aggression’, which sets in danger, economically and politically, the Common Currency Zone, and consequently, the whole of the European Confederation. As responsible Citizens we nurtured the hope and expectation that the formation of the European Union would constitute the political expression of a unique League (‘Amphictyony’) of Peoples and Civilizations, bringing a new Ethos in international relations and a strong driver leading to a balanced configuration of powers. We knew of course, that the political formation of our great Confederation was not agreeable to the powers of the great political and economic plundering. In the light of this ‘reality’, it is very expected from us to express concerns, not so much for the financial mechanisms used in this plundering, but for the political initiatives and plans of the centers benefited from this plundering.

The phenomenon of the increase of the world wealth with a simultaneous collapse of the economic system is an oxymoron with evident horrifying consequences. It should not escape from our attention the fact that, just few families posses and manage, almost, the half of the world wealth. This wealth management is correlated with the spectacular progress of technology, especially the digital one. However, the greatest share of the proceeds from this technological progress does not return to the States and their Citizens who finance it, but it is pocketed by Financial ‘Concerts’ or Centers, deploying a tight control system. However, the enhancement, the ‘conquering’ and further development of technology constitute a collective asset of the Societies who finance it. It is fair and right, technology to be used for the enhancement of Education, the worldwide socialization of Knowledge and the improvement of the living standards of the world population. Of course, we do not believe, and we have no illusion, that the world capital’s masters have ever read Thucydides, Aristotle or Marx. We could anticipate, though, that they have, at least, taken lessons from the Roman History that where oligarchy grows in power but decreases in number, the mass of desperate and angry people is multiplied. Consequently, and as per the ancient Greek understanding of ‘Hubris’, comes the total collapse of the system leading the whole society to a barbarian state. Evidently, the very world economic bankruptcy is ante portas. And the following dictum of Thucydides proves once more true: ‘Everything in Democracy are equally shared. On the other hand, Oligarchy gives all the dangers to the populace. As far as gains (goods) are concerned, Oligarchy is greedy and takes everything…

The Peoples of the world have recently experienced the onerous phenomenon of the exploitation of wealth resources, not any more via imposed local dictatorships, but via the doctrine of a Policed Geography, imposed by the ‘Concerts’. It has been apparent that terrorism, used as an excuse for war operations, is designed or instigated by these ‘Concerts’, and is condemned only when it escapes their control. The Governments of the West condemns as tyrannies regimes deserving this qualification. It is an irony, though, that the condemning governments, in their game of sharing spheres of influence, did nurture and helped these regimes to grasp the power, and also to bring their own people to bondage. And this ‘influence game’ had as sole purpose the grasping of the wealth that does not belong to the ‘condemning’ powers. Consequently, many people have been led to a state of Barbarism, due to the imposition of the above unlawful interests. We should also underline that the nuclear weapons’ spectre throws its shadow to the world. This threat is beyond any substantial control, due to the fact that any closed circuit of power has the potential to possess these weapons. Unfortunately, the western decision-making centers have not profited from the common place, according to which Fundamentalism and Theocracy are created by the despair of the people, the torture, the famine and the anguish for the next day.

The threat for the Environment is already non-reversible. In its basic dimensions, this danger threatens all peoples, privileged or not. Despite this situation, the plundering of the Environment goes on, since there are no adequate plans averting the illegal burial into earth of toxic and nuclear trash or their throwing into the seabed. The same plundering of extended regions, vital for the Environment, leads small autochthonous nations, their languages and cultures to extinction from the World Community. Diversity is on the way to disappear, not only in Nature, but also in ‘human topography’. The Next Day seems gloomy, running the substantial danger never to come. And yet, Governments are not capable to agree upon common measures for averting imminent dangers.

The same lack of effective measures prevails as far as the plague of famine is concerned. Great parts of the populations of underdeveloped areas are deprived of medicaments. Human Rights remain a ‘dead letter’ and subject of wishful thinking. This is manifested by the non-stop flux of millions of desperate people taking place under circumstances reminding slave trade. This flux is mainly hedged to the human garbage cluster of western societies. Furthermore, Human Rights remain ‘dead letter’ as long as the world ‘crime’ of Human Trafficking goes on. Sexually abused Women and Children are the main victims. The latter (the children) are, also, used for ‘Organs’ Trafficking. Let alone, that the hideous crime of young females genitals’ abscission never ceased, not even in the territory of the United Europe, due to the lack of uniform legislation binding all nations. In accordance with the United Nations estimates, more than three million children will experience this ordeal in the imminent future.
As citizens of the western world, we have been taught the principles of the Rule of Law Society. And yet, in our days, we experience the drama of Palestinians in Gaza and the illegal occupation, by a third country, of a great part of the independent and sovereign Republic of Cyprus, a European Union member.

It is with great interest that we witness a long awaited configuration of the relations of a number of Latin American and Caribbean Sea countries with the Organization of American States. We consider that the rallying of the political and economic potential of these countries could lead to a new ‘gravity center’, drastically, contributing to the aversion of a new world imperium. Being at the stage of articulation, this, new, emerging political formation should take valuable lessons from the weak points of the United Europe.
We follow with concern the reshufflings in the Arab World. We believe that these developments are due to oppressive absolutism, social injustice, and the silencing of the voice of citizens. But citizens only want political rights, social expression and a decent living. It is indeed really an irony to see these citizens being pauper in extremely rich countries. We observe that a new kind of popular claims is emerging. Claims, that are not instigated by external powers but by the very social anger. Claims and actions indeed coordinated through the use of the Internet, which cannot be controlled by any authority. We hope that this reshuffling activity will lead to ‘self-organization’ and ‘self-institution’ of Societies. If this evolution does really occur, it will prove a very useful lesson to the Peoples of Europe and the rest Western World. We do not fail to follow with the due attention various movements, coordinated by obscure but known centers, trying to ‘rewrite’ the History of Peoples and Nations and to create ‘independence’ movements, not on territorial grounds but on the basis of energy and other underground wealth. Balkan States have unthinkably suffered from these schemes of various Imperia. The History of Peoples cannot be ‘rewritten’ despite the calculations of any Big Power and the support of various servile local ‘intellectual’ agents. History cannot be rewritten, being impressed and branded in the collective consciousness. That’s why all the attempts to revise the meaning of Nation are shaky like the wind. This can be ascertained by the Ancient National Societies, which shaped the History of this Planet throughout the ages.

In Greece, Education is still without orientation, with an intensive technical propensity, lacking the necessary capability for a dynamic enhancement of Classical Studies in their very birthplace. Classical Studies should be one of the most dynamic assets of Greece. It must not pass sub silentio the truth that it is, exactly, Paideia that shields Democracy and enhances, true, Humanism and the value system of Ecumenism, in its original Greek expression. This value system constitutes the only substantial and healthy counterweight towards the newly appeared Globalization. It is our expectation to see Universities, Services, Institutions and the States themselves exploit the potential of digital means to the benefit of a substantial socialization of Knowledge. The application of a socialized knowledge will not only breed well informed individuals with high standards of culture, but also conscientious and active Citizens. The latter will pursue the deepening of Democracy along with the protection of Human Dignity. Conscientious and Active Citizens will, also, fortify the Public Ethos and the realistic personal responsibility for the Environmental Protection.

Today, February 2011, we express, through the above thoughts and positions, the Need to see our Universities promote a dialogue for the sake of a comprehensive analysis of the Ethics and the Meaning of Science. We expect that Civil Society will reactivate the Principles of Direct Democracy applied in a modern way. The reactivation and Application of Direct Democracy will sure avert a total collapse of ‘Human’ Societies and will also avoid the spectre of the world absolutism.

We must be extremely concerned and awed in front of the phenomenon of the tempestuous degradation of Culture in the planet, the world famine, the extended number of refugees, the recorded, in several cases, traumatic relation between Applied Science and Ethics, the unnerving of the political word, and the implosion of the quality of the Citizen. The synergy of these phenomena, unfortunately, leads to the ‘hatching of the snake’s egg’. And this, because these clouds of concern constitute the natural habitat where fascism is nurtured and aggrandized.

The Peoples of Europe declared, the next day of the Second World War, ‘Fascism, Never Again’. Beyond any doubt, people really meant and deeply believed in this declaration. However, in the present conjecture, this declaration seems to have stuck at the level of wishful thinking. We have any good reason to be afraid of a ‘Crystals Night’ repetition, occurring again in the European theatre. The gravity of this concern should keep us alert.

At this point, it is indispensable to make clear that the Citizen is not, just, a ploy in the hands of History. On the contrary, it is the Citizen who can give meaning to History, provided that he or she keeps as tenets of his/her actions the Heraclitus dictum «ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων» {Ethos is the god protector of humans}.


CONSTANTINE ADAMOPOULOU, Director of the Historical Archives - Museum of Hydra of the General State Archives.

GEORGHIOS BARKOURAS, Economist, Business Consultant

CHRISTOS BOLOSIS, Major – General (r), Professor of the National Military Academy of ‘Evelpidon’, Secretary General of the National Defense General Staff Corps

KOSTAS CHATZIANTONIOU, History Author. Novelist

CONSTANTINOS CHATZIPANAGIOTOU, Professor, Geology Department, University of Patras

KIMON CHRISTANIS, Professor, President of the Geology Department, University of Patras

THODOROS CHRISTIDIS, Professor emeritus of History and Natural Sciences Philosophy, University of Thessaly

PANAGIOTIS CONTESSIS, Bookseller-jurist

DIMITRIS DIMITRIOU, Architect Engineer, Chairman of the Industrial Department of the Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry

PANOS ELIOPOULOS, PhD of the National and Capodistrian University of Athens, Editor of the Philosophy, Culture and Art Survey Celestia

KOSTAS FOTIADIS, Professor of Modern Greek History, University of Western Macedonia.

CONSTANTINOS KARNASSIOTIS, Geomythology Researcher, President of the Academy of Institutions and Culture

NIKOLAOS KOURKOUMELIS, Major–General (r), PhD (University of Ioannina), Professor at the Centre d’Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques, former Professor at the National Military Academy of ‘Evelpidon’

NIKOLAOS LAMBRAKIS, Professor, Geology Department, University of Patras

IAKOVOS MICHAILIDIS, Assistant Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, Department of History and Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki

DIMITRIS STATHAKOPOULOS, PhD of Sociology of History and Culture of the Ottoman era, Panteion University, Musicologist, Author, Lawyer

PANAYOTIS THEODORACOPOULOS, PhD, Ambassador a.h., Author, Professor at the Greek Diplomatic Academy (Communication) and the City University of Seattle (Marketing and Human Resource Management)

MARIA THEODORATOU – BEKOU, PhD, Clinical Psychologist, DESS, Scientific Partner of the Technological Institute of Patras

SPYROS VLIAMOS, Professor of Political Economy and the Theory of Institutions, National and Capodistrian University, Athens